Headaches are an extremely common pain disorder affecting 66% of the general population, and causing widespread changes to quality of life and work productivity. " J man and Man TH 2008,16 (2) 7380.

A list of fourteen different headache forms have been documented by The International Headache Society " Cephalalgia, 2013 33 (9) 629-808.

In particular, its classification of headache disorders can be extremely useful when diagnosing a cause of headache.


Headache without apparent identifiable cause e.g Tension type headache, Migrane, Chronic, daily headache, medication overuse headache, Trigeminal autonomic cephalagia (e.g. cluster headache)

* Seconday

Heache associated with seconday Pathology e.g. Talomandibula Joint (TMJ) infection, stroke, brain Tumour.

*Cranial Neuroupathies, other fascia pains and other Headache related to neural disorders of the head and neck, e.g trigeminal neuralgia.

Since each form of headache has a different Pathological basis and because and incorrect differential diagnosis will often lead to treatment failure, it is important to correctly diagnose the type of headache.

The most common form of headache is the Tension-type headache.